All posts by Jason Glogau

Anne Sweet

Anne Sweet was enjoying her independent lifestyle before a serious fall landed her in the hospital.

Anne Sweet, 70, was used to her independent lifestyle. Anne lived alone but enjoyed the company of her friends, sister, nieces, and nephews. She spent her free time gardening and looking for flowers and plants at local nurseries.

One March day, Anne’s life changed forever. On the way home from a party at her sister’s house, Anne fell getting into a Lyft ride. She was hospitalized with bilateral subdural hematomas. Her hospitalization was extensive due to multiple complications. These included respiratory failure, left-sided hemiplegia, facial droop, and dysarthria.

When Anne was ready for the next stage of her recovery, her sister had a decision to make. She chose Northern Colorado Long Term Acute Hospital, which came highly recommended by the staff at the short-term acute care hospital.

Anne appreciated her sister’s decision, stating “the care was consistent, and I really liked the staff.”

After several weeks at the long-term acute care hospital, Anne discharged to a skilled nursing facility. When she could handle intensive inpatient rehabilitation, she transferred to Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital. Anne’s decision to choose NCRH was based on the hospital’s great reputation and focused rehab for her diagnosis. She also loved the hospital’s goal to get patients home.

“The staff was responsive to my needs and wanted to get me better to discharge home,” Anne said. “My sister and the staff worked together to make a comprehensive plan for me to get home. It was a team effort.”

That team received a lot of praise from Anne.

“Dr. Arrogante was a very competent physician. I loved working with Jessica, my physical therapist, because she was so professional, but also very creative with making therapy unique and fun. Jim, one of my nurses, was great about talking to me. He shared experience from his life that would help motivate me to get better. He was also very good at educating me about the medications I was taking.”

As Anne prepared to discharge to her new home — an independent living facility in Denver — she noted how things have changed since her initial hospitalization. “My goals have changed a lot during these hospitalizations,” she stated. “When I was in the LTACH, I just wanted to walk again. Now I want to be independent and live a life with my friends and family. I want to stay as healthy as possible and get back to gardening since that is my passion.”

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Leroy Rady

Leroy Rady admitted to NCRH to recover from a spinal cord injury he suffered in a fall.

Back in 2013, there was a Big Thompson River flood in Drake, CO. That is where Leroy Rady, 87, and his spouse, Marge, have lived for the past 20 years. Since the flood, Leroy has been rebuilding his home and fixing up the yard. He and Marge are very active and enjoy spending time with their three daughters and two grandchildren. He and Marge owned a telephone business and retired in 1997.

One June day, Leroy fell in his kitchen and hit his face, injuring his spine in the process. His diagnosis was an incomplete central cord syndrome secondary to a spinal cord injury at C6 with severe spinal stenosis. Unable to feel his arms and experiencing extreme pain, Leroy underwent surgical intervention.

Inpatient rehabilitation would be important for Leroy’s recovery. He chose Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital due to his daughter living close to the facility.

Leroy couldn’t be happier with the decision. He had praise for all the staff and the impact they had on his recovery. “The therapists influenced my recovery the most and made me work really hard,” he reflected. “I wanted to get home and they wanted to get me home!”

“The nurses were great,” he continued. “The CEO and director of nursing greeted me when I arrived and were very welcoming. I loved how the CEO would help in the kitchen and deliver popcorn every Friday to patients and staff. At other facilities, you don’t see this.”

Having made great progress, Leroy was ready to discharge home. That day would be an emotional one for Leroy. “The best part of my experience at NCRH was the standing ovation at the end of my stay,” he said with tears in his eyes. “Everyone I worked with was wishing me well on my journey ahead. I am so blessed to be doing as great as I am and to have worked with such a wonderful staff.”

Leroy also credits his family for their support, especially Marge.

Back home, Leroy is excited to get back to working on the house and the yard. He still has to wear a neck brace for a few more weeks but he is walking around the house and doing great!

 

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Michael Figal

Tammie Figal chose NCRH for Michael’s post-stroke recovery after it was highly recommended by friends.

Michael was so excited about his big 60th birthday party at his house. But ten minutes before the party he collapsed on the floor. Brought to the acute care hospital, Michael was diagnosed with acute basilar thrombosis. The doctors administered tPA and Michael had a thrombectomy performed.

Prior to his hospitalization, Michael lived an active life. He worked at Sunset Memorial Gardens (a funeral home) the past three years as a family service advisor. He also was the board president of the Evans Chamber for the past two years. Michael loves social events, fantasy football, and taking nature walks along the Poudre River Trail. From Greeley, CO, Michael has been married to his wife, Tammie, for 26 years.

Tammie chose Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital for Michael’s rehabilitation. Not only is NCRH close to their home, but it came highly recommended by their friends.

“My wife influenced my recovery the most,” Michael said. “She really pushed me to recuperate fast. She was also my watchdog to make sure I got the best care.”

Tammie added, “I had to be an advocate for Michael since he couldn’t speak. And I’m so glad I chose NCRH. Thank goodness we get a choice!”

Michael had great things to say about his experience at NCRH, noting specifically the attention and positivity of the staff. “The doctor came in frequently, and the PCTs always checked on me,” he noted. “The cafeteria staff was so positive and friendly. And I loved how the therapists posted my therapy schedule daily. It was a great visual communication tool.”

Upon completing his inpatient stay, Michael discharged home with a renewed freedom. “I came in a wheelchair and walked out of NCRH independently,” he exclaimed. Michael was excited to get back home to his normal life and not hospital life.

Michael’s future goals are to get back to work and to drive again. He has returned to social events and Chamber meetings. One of his greatest accomplishments is to be walking about the Poudre River Trail alone again.

“It feels like freedom,” he stated proudly.

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Rick Ybarra

Determination, positivity and a strong support system helped Rick Ybarra recover from a right leg amputation.

Strength is more than a physical trait according to Rick Ybarra. When faced with the unexpected amputation of his right leg, Rick learned it was a strong mind that allowed him to get back to his life.

Rick was working at a recycling center when a 27,000 pound container dropped on his legs. He was able to get his left leg free, but not his right. After emergency services picked him up, the next thing he remembers is waking up in the hospital after surgery to save his limb. Unfortunately, the physicians soon realized that it was not possible and Rick would need an amputation.

Rick expected an amputation below his knee, but that was not possible. To save Rick’s life, the physicians needed to amputate much higher than expected. When Rick woke up from surgery, he was angry and frustrated. Rick has never cried much in his life, but this time, Rick cried.

Rick spent over a week in the hospital before he chose to go to Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital for intense therapy. Rick wanted to get his life back.

One of the first things Rick was determined to do was go to the bathroom without assistance. Rick recalled the support of Isaiah, one of his physical therapists. “He believed in me,” Rick said. “He knew I could do it.” And he did within three days. That was Rick’s first step in getting his life back.

“I had to learn how to do everything over again,” Rick said. Rick’s wife, Candy, added: “we taking walking for granted.”

The combination of Rick’s strong mind and the expertise of his therapy and nursing teams would produce great results. After several weeks in the hospital, Rick returned home with his wife. Rick continued with outpatient rehabilitation at Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital. While his first prosthetic was a “dinosaur” according to Rick, “it felt so good to stand up again.” Even after a year, the therapy team continues to work with Rick to assist him in getting his independence back.

Rick attributes his success to being positive and not secluding himself. “Anyone going through this is bound to have ups and downs,” he said. “It is a different path for life, but one that can be positive if you listen to your therapists and have a strong mind. Don’t quit!”

The support of Rick’s family has been key to his success. They each showed their support by getting a tattoo of a bear claw. The bear claw signifies the strength that Rick had to overcome his injury.

Rick now has a new prosthetic with a custom Raiders logo on it to replace the tattoo from his amputated limb. Rick is able to drive again and has returned to activities he used to do alone. His strong mind got him where he is now, saying, “I can do it!”

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Marty Buckendorf

“I couldn’t have asked for a better place to do rehabilitation,” Marty said of his stay at NCRH.

The day started out as a normal day for Martin “Marty” Buckendorf. Marty, 65, was doing what he loved — working on cars in his garage — when he tripped over some tools and fell. Marty had difficulty moving his left arm and leg and was unable to get up. He called his spouse, but then began having difficulty with his speech.

Flight for Life transported Marty from his home in Laramie, WY to Loveland, CO. There, Marty was diagnosed with an acute right MCA ischemic CVA with hemiparesis and hemisensory loss. Simply put, Marty suffered a stroke that left him with weakness and loss of sensation on his left side.

Marty spent a week in the acute care hospital in Loveland before transferring to Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital (NCRH). Inpatient rehabilitation would be able to address the functional deficits Marty experienced as a result of the stroke. His spouse researched and toured different facilities before choosing NCRH. A friendly environment, state-of-the-art therapy gym and NCRH’s certification in stroke rehabilitation were cited as key factors in that decision.

“I couldn’t have asked for a better place to do rehabilitation,” Marty said, reflecting on the decision. “I made leaps and bounds day-to-day with my progress, thanks to the interdisciplinary team who led my care. My physician, Dr. Arrogante, checked on me frequently and had so much expertise in the management of my stroke diagnosis.”

“Everyone did a wonderful job that cared for me, from the housekeeping staff to the nurses.”

“Strokes can happen to anyone at any time,” says Dr. Revelyn Arrogante, Medical Director of Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital. “They occur when blood flow and oxygen is cut off to an area of the brain, causing brain cells to die. This, in turn, affects the abilities controlled by that part of the brain. To get the most successful results for stroke patients, we use best practices and follow evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.”

Arrogante says by doing this, the hospital can provide patients with quicker recovery times, allow more patients to discharge to home, and help patients gain more physical and cognitive independence.

At the hospital, an interdisciplinary care team works with patients and their family members. They collaborate to create individualized treatment plans. These plans are designed so patients can progress at their own ability levels. The rehabilitation team includes specially-trained physicians, nurses, case managers, and occupational, speech, and physical therapists – among other medical professionals. Patients receive 24-hour rehabilitative nursing care and daily physician management.

After 25 days at NCRH, Marty discharged home with his wife. He still receives outpatient physical, occupational and speech therapy, and uses a wheelchair to assist him. His goals for the future are getting back to his hobbies of being a mechanic, riding his motorcycles, and remodeling his house. Perhaps most of all, he looks forward to spending time with his son and two grandchildren.

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Jim Peterson

Jim Peterson is a retired ENT physician who lives in Greeley, Colorado. Jim, 80, loves to read, walk, cook (especially bread), listen to music, and play the banjo. Jim also finds joy in being with his family, including his wife of 57 years, Sylvia, his children, and five grandchildren.

After undergoing back surgery (an elective L4-5 fusion), Jim entered a skilled nursing facility for rehabilitation. While there, he suffered a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or stroke. This led to weakness on his right side, known as right hemiparesis.

Both his friends and the staff at the acute care hospital told Jim that Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital has the best stroke program. Trusting their recommendation, Jim admitted to NCRH to his recovery.

“Day-to-day this has been a rollercoaster ride,” Jim said of his recent medical issues, “but it is so important to turn a negative experience into a positive one. It takes gradual baby steps that you notice over time to see improvements.”

Jim also recognizes that Sylvia’s support and setting goals were critical in staying focused. “My recovery was most influenced by my wife and my desire to continue my hobbies,” he noted.

Jim Peterson with his wife, Sylvia. Sylvia’s influence was key to his recovery from a stroke.

Sylvia explains further, “his motivation for recovery is his philosophy in life. That means his hard work ethic, hardly complaining, and knowing as a physician that there are consequences if you stop trying.”

“At Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital, I felt I was working with a team and not for them,” Jim said, reflecting on his stay. “The staff was wonderful. They developed rapport with me and this was helpful in many ways.”

“Success is all about achieving modest goals,” Jim stated. “Those goals for me are to get back to playing the banjo again, becoming more ambulatory, standing for longer periods of time to cook, and of course making bread again!”

“Jim never stops working hard at improving,” Sylvia said, adding, “he even does exercise in bed!”

 

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Gary Lauer

“This will be my new normal, but sure couldn’t have done it without all my family and friends.”

Gary Lauer adored retired life. He spent lots of time with his spouse and grandson, went on lots of family vacations. Gary especially loved being outdoors. Gardening, mowing, hunting and fishing were all pleasurable activities for Gary.

Forty years ago, Gary had thyroid cancer. He didn’t think twice about it coming back. That was until he started having extreme back pain and weakness in his lower extremities.

Gary’s pain and weakness was the result of a non-traumatic spinal cord injury due to thyroid cancer. The spinal cord injury resulted in paraplegia, or paralysis of the legs and lower body.

After a prolonged hospitalization, Gary transferred to Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital. Gary chose NCRH because his good friend was the Director of Therapy and told him all about how wonderful the facility was for treating neurological conditions.

“Meeting the clinical liaison, Brooke, helped with the decision,” Gary added. “She was so pleasant, a great advocate, and saw me a lot prior to coming to rehab.”

Reflecting on his stay, Gary praised the many members of the team he encountered. “The staff were the motivators for my recovery. They were so encouraging and positive,” Gary stated. “They gave me a ray of sunshine and hope for my future! Dr. Walker was so personable and the therapy department and nurses were just so good. The staff was able to motivate me to get through life and prepare for my journey ahead”.

Gary is so excited to get home and back to his routine.

“This will be my new normal, but sure couldn’t have done it without all my family and friends.”

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Blake Whitsell

Blake Whitsell’s 9th concussion forced him to retire from football, and severely impacted his memory.

A talkative, social and funny guy, Blake Whitsell played defensive tackle for South Dakota State University. Then, the 20-year-old suffered a concussion during football camp. After that, Blake couldn’t even carry on a meaningful conversation.

The concussion was the third one Blake suffered during camp — and the 9th in his lifetime. The team doctor recommend he retire from football.

A history and political science major, Blake could no longer remember anything he studied. “I couldn’t read one line and remember it,” he said. Blake moved home and returned to college the following semester. But his troubles continued.

Blake and his parents continued to look for help. Eventually, a neurologist recommended Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital, where he began receiving speech therapy on an outpatient basis.

“I had no idea what I was getting into,” Blake recalled. “I understood what physical and occupational therapy was, but not speech therapy. I just had to trust the process.”

Blake now realizes the importance of understanding concussions. “Looking back, I wish I would have known more about concussions,” he said. “Maybe I would have stopped football earlier. But, I have to say, my football training is what got me through my therapy. It was tough.”

Blake worked for three months with speech therapist, Callie Halstead. She provided him with meta-cognitive strategy training, which involves “thinking about your thinking” in context of attention, memory, and reasoning exercises.

“I also provided Blake with an extensive home exercise program to help him generalize what we did in our sessions so he could apply it to his daily life,” Callie noted. “He was a fantastic rehabilitation candidate. He did everything I asked him to do, and he quickly saw positive results.”

Six-to-eight weeks into therapy, friends started to notice Blake’s focus was much better. He was able to once again build relationships and connections with others. As he progressed, Blake began beating people with “normal” brain scores. He went from a self-proclaimed “C” student to an “A” student, even getting a 97% on his final spring paper.

“I know I wouldn’t have gotten better without therapy,” Blake said. “Therapy has given me my life back. It’s helped me in every aspect of my life. While at the hospital, I was treated like a friend, not like I was a patient. I was sad to see therapy end. I call Callie my brain teacher – she gave me a super brain! She’s my hero.”

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Chester “Mac” Allsup

Mac with one of his outpatient physical therapists, Randy Willman, MPT

51-year-old Chester “Mac” Allsup of Greeley was a “jack of all trades.” He spent his time hunting, fishing, bike riding, walking his dogs, and keeping his yard in pristine condition. But most of all, Allsup was a master of cooking and BBQ.

Everything changed when Mac was involved in a car accident over the summer. The accident left him with multiple traumatic injuries, including a left tib-fib fracture, left rib fractures 3-4, left ischial ramus fracture, and left AC shoulder separation. After initial treatment at a local hospital, Mac transferred to Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital for follow up care.

Inpatient rehabilitation offered Mac an opportunity to return to his favorite hobbies.

“Initially, after my accident, I felt defeated,” Mac says. “I prided myself in my ability to do numerous outdoor activities, and now I was limited. But as soon as I came to Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital, my spirits lifted. The staff was incredibly welcoming, with nothing but positive attitudes from the start.”

“Our goal is to help patients return home quickly and with the highest level of independence possible,” says Dr. Revelyn Arrogante, Medical Director at NCRH. “We do this through services provided by our highly trained healthcare providers, advanced rehabilitation technologies, and individualized therapy plans. We want to get patients back to doing what they love at their highest abilities.”

After about two weeks of treatment, Mac returned home. He still uses a wheelchair, but is able to perform everyday tasks independently. Mac continues to receive physical and occupational therapy through the NCRH’s outpatient services. He has returned to cooking, too. Mac hopes to help at NCRH’s next employee appreciation BBQ to show the staff how much he values what they did for him.

“The staff cares about you as a person, not just as another patient,” Mac says. “They took the time to get to know me – what I like, what I dislike, my favorite hobbies. You can see the staff’s passion for caregiving. At the end of my stay, they gave me a standing ovation. Seeing all of the people who helped to get me back home cheering me on was truly remarkable.”

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Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital Welcomes New CEO

Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital welcomes Brenda Simon as CEO

Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital is proud to announce Brenda Simon, OTR/L, CLT as Chief Executive Officer.

Brenda comes from within the Ernest Health family and will be relocating from Long Beach, California to Northern Colorado.

Brenda brings more than 20 years of experience and leadership in the healthcare field, specifically Occupational Therapy and administration.  She graduated with honors from the University of New Hampshire with a Bachelor of Science in Occupational Therapy.  Brenda will be transitioning from five years in the role as National Director of Therapy Operations to CEO with ease.

Brenda’s passion for providing the highest quality and most compassionate care is unsurpassed.  She has advanced specialized training and is an educator to others on the specific therapies for those persons with neurological disease or injury.

“Joining a hospital consistently awarded for their excellence in care of patients with neurologic injuries is a dream come true” says Brenda.  Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital is recognized as a Stroke Center of Excellence by The Joint Commission which regulates all hospitals nation-wide.

Because Brenda has a background in many healthcare settings including in-home, acute rehabilitation, long term acute care and outpatient rehabilitation, she will fit perfectly in Johnstown.  Northern Colorado Rehabilitation Hospital has outpatient therapy services available and sits on the same campus with Northern Colorado Long Term Acute Hospital.  Three services delivered on one campus.

Brenda is an avid skier, hiker and dedicated runner.  She is ecstatic to be able to enjoy all beautiful Colorado has to offer.

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What to Pack for a Hospital Stay

Whether you are a patient preparing for an inpatient hospital stay, or someone who’s loved one unexpectedly finds themselves in a hospital, having the right things for a hospital stay is important. Packing the right items will help make your stay less stressful and allow you to focus on your recovery.

Below you’ll find a summary of suggested items to pack for a hospital stay.

Clothing

  • 5-6 outfits of loose fitting pants and tops
  • Undergarments
  • Sweater or jacket
  • Supportive pair of athletic shoes with non-skid soles
  • Night clothes (gown, robe, pajamas)

Toiletries

  • Soap, if you prefer a certain brand
  • Toothbrush, toothpaste, mouthwash & dentures
  • Comb, brush, shaving supplies & cosmetics
  • Deodorant, lotion, perfume, & aftershave

Miscellaneous

  • Insurance cards & medical information
  • Eyeglasses & hearing aids
  • Incontinence pads (if needed)
  • Pillow, blanket
  • Family pictures
  • Laundry basket or bag

Click here to download a printable version of this checklist

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Understanding Influenza: 5 Facts to Know this Flu Season

According to the Centers for Disease Control, the 2017-2018 flu season was one of the worst. Understanding Influenza – how it’s spread, how to prevent it, and the symptoms of the flu – can help keep you, and your community healthy this winter. Below are five flu facts to know as we enter flu season.

Can a flu shot give me the flu?

The Influenza vaccine is safe and cannot give you the Flu. It takes 2 weeks to build up your immunity, so you can contract the flu before developing the antibodies.

How is the flu spread?

Influenza is a contagious respiratory virus that spreads when you are exposed to an infected person that coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread by touching your nose, mouth or eyes after touching a surface with the virus on it.

How can I prevent the flu?

There are several things you can do to keep yourself flu-free! The most important step you can take is to get a flu vaccine each year. You can also help prevent getting the flu by frequently using hand sanitizer or washing your hands. Try to avoid touching your nose, mouth or eyes. Avoid spreading the flu by covering your coughs/sneezes and by staying home if you are sick. Additionally, be sure to keep surfaces in your home clean.

What are the symptoms of the flu?

Symptoms usually start 1-4 days after exposure and usually come on suddenly. You are most contagious in the first 3-4 days after the illness starts. However, you can infect others before you are symptomatic and up to a week after becoming sick.

Flu symptoms can range from mild to severe. They can include fever, headache, fatigue, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, sore throat, cough and chills. Seek medical care for any worsening symptoms.

What is the treatment for the flu?

Rest, pain relievers and extra fluids will help to lessen your symptoms. While antibiotics are not effective for the flu, there are prescription antiviral medications that can help to lessen the symptoms and shorten the duration. But, they must be started within 48 hours after onset.

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Resources for Caregivers

There are only four kinds of people in the world. Those who have been caregivers. Those who are currently caregivers. Those who will be caregivers, and those who will need a caregiver.” – Rosalyn Carter

Caregivers often hide in plain sight. They make up a substantial portion of the United States population. In the US alone, there are over 40 million unpaid caregivers for adults over the age of 65. We tend not to realize the strain put on an individual who cares for a loved one. Instead, we see only the selflessness with which they provide care. Unfortunately, there’s often more going on than we recognize.

Caring for a loved one can be overwhelming, particularly when providing care for a spouse. It’s important to understand and utilize the resources available to you as a caregiver. Here are some great resources for caregivers:

VA Caregiver Support

If you provide care for a veteran, the Veterans Administration has a number of resources available to you. Services offered include mentoring, diagnosis-specific tips and guidance. Additionally, help is available to care for your loved one so that you have time to care for yourself. Many of these services are provided at no cost.

Diagnosis-specific Support Networks

Many organizations offer online support networks for patients and caregivers, focused on specific diagnoses. These support networks typically have segments dedicated to the unique needs of caregivers. Some of the organizations offering these support networks include:

Local Support Groups

Hospitals often host support groups on a variety of topics. Some are diagnosis-specific. Others focus directly on caregivers. It can be quite helpful to connect with individuals who have had similar experiences to yours. Contact your local hospital to find out what support groups they host and when they meet.

An empty lantern provides no light. Self-care is the fuel that allows your light to shine brightly.” – Unknown

As a caregiver, it’s important not to neglect yourself. The resources above offer support so that you can care for yourself, too. Additionally, you may speak with your healthcare provider for more resources. Remember, taking good care of yourself is part of providing care to another!

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How to Spot a Stroke

Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States suffers a stroke. Every four minutes, someone dies.

Stroke is the fifth-leading cause of death in the United States, responsible for about one out of every 20 deaths.

As many as 80% of strokes may be preventable. But if someone is suffering a stroke, one of the most important factors is time. Knowing the signs of stroke, and what to do in that situation, could save a person’s life.

All you need to remember is F-A-S-T.

F: Face Drooping

Look at the person’s face. Does one side droop? Do they feel numbness on one side of their face?
Action item: Ask the person to smile. Is their smile lopsided or uneven?

A: Arm Weakness

Does the person feel numbness or weakness in one arm?
Action item: Ask the person to raise both arms above their head. Are they able to lift both arms? Does one arm drift downward?

S: Speech Difficulty

Is the person making sense when they speak? Are their words slurred?
Action item: Ask the person to say a simple sentence, like “The sky is blue.” Can you understand what they say?

T: Time to Call 9-1-1

If any of these symptoms are present, call 9-1-1 immediately. Tell the operator you think someone is having a stroke. Do this even if these symptoms disappear. Time is critical, so it is important to get them to the hospital right away. Be sure to note the time when the symptoms appeared.
Action item: Call 9-1-1!

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3 Tips for Keeping Yourself Flu-Free

It’s that time of year again…flu season. With the constant risk of catching the virus, educating yourself can be the key to being flu-free.

The flu typically is spread when someone who has it coughs, sneezes, or talks. Droplets from his or her mouth spread to the mouths or noses of people nearby. Additionally, you can catch the flu from touching an object that has flu germs on it, and then touching your mouth or nose.

Once flu germs get inside the body, they go to the respiratory system. There, they attach to those cells, essentially turning them into more flu germs. That’s when your immune system begins to fight back. It does so by creating two different proteins that attack the virus – cytokines and chemokines. Cytokines multiply to help fight off the virus. Chemokines create white blood cells (called T cells) to help fight against the virus, as well.

Eventually, the fever that comes along with the flu is your body’s way of killing off the virus.

As it turns out, many symptoms you feel from the flu aren’t the virus itself. Rather, it is your immune system working to fight it off.

While it’s great that your body has the ability to fight the flu, the best defense is always prevention. To keep yourself flu-free, try these 3 tips:

  1. Get a flu shot. This vaccine is the number one way to keep the flu out of your body.
  2. You’ve heard it before, and you’ll hear it again: wash, wash, wash your hands. When you wash your hands, you wash flu (and other) germs away, limiting your risk of catching them.
  3. Last, keep the surfaces clean in your house to help remove any flu germs.
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Physical Therapy vs. Opioids

Who among us hasn’t suffered the nuisance of a minor pain now and then? Usually, we can find quick relief with over-the-counter medications. But for those with chronic pain, stronger painkillers like opioids may be prescribed.

Americans have increasingly been prescribed opioids – painkillers like Vicodin, OxyContin, Opana, and methadone, and combination drugs like Percocet. The use of these prescription drugs has quadrupled since 1999, although there hasn’t been an increase in the amount of pain Americans report.

In 2012, health care providers wrote 259 million opioid prescriptions. That’s enough for every adult in the United States to have a bottle of pills.

In response to this growing opioid epidemic, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) released opioid prescription guidelines recognizing that opioids are appropriate in certain cases such as cancer treatment, palliative care, end-of-life care, and in certain acute care situations – if properly dosed. But for other pain management, the CDC recommends non-opioid alternatives such as physical therapy to cope with chronic pain.

Physical therapy is a safe and effective way to treat long-term pain. Physical therapists can provide evidence-based treatments that help not only treat the pain, but the underlying cause of the pain. They can provide exercises that focus on strength, flexibility, posture and body mechanics. Strengthening and stretching parts of the body that are affected by pain can decrease the pain, increase mobility, and improve overall mood.

So before agreeing to an opioid prescription for chronic pain, consult with your physician to discuss your options for a non-opioid treatment.

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